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Certain immune cells can help traumatic brain injury victims

One kind of immune cell called microglia is believed to exacerbate chronic brain diseases in adults, such as multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. However, according to new research, these same cells may be able to protect one’s brain from life-changing traumatic brain injury in West Virginia. They can also slow down neurodegenerative diseases, researchers said.

Microglia has long been known to clear cellular debris along with dead neurons. However, scientists have traditionally believed that following brain injury, these cells can trigger inflammation that unfortunately destroys healthy cells in the brain. However, microglia was recently found to fulfill a more useful role.

When the brain is injured, microglia cells are essentially the first responders in the body, helping with the synchronization of brain firing. This essentially enhances brain cells’ survival. As a result, microglia could be used to improve brain injury victims’ prognosis and stall the progress of stroke as well as Alzheimer’s disease.

Traumatic brain injury occurs when a particular external force makes contact with one’s head and ends up injuring the brain. This type of injury can range from a small blow that results in temporary dizziness to brain damage that is life-changing as a result of major trauma. Car accidents are a major cause of these types of injuries. If another party was at fault in a vehicle accident that led to a person’s brain injury in West Virginia, the injured victim has the right to file a liability claim against that party, seeking damages that can help to cover medical care required to address the injuries.

Source: clevelandclinic.org, "Immune Cells Help Protect Brain Cells after Traumatic Injury", , July 22, 2014

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