Concussions are types of brain injuries where the organs themselves do not necessarily sustain physical damage but where their functions are affected. In other words, when a patient suffers a traumatic brain injury, his or her brain stops working correctly for a brief moment in time. The individual experiences several symptoms quickly, and these symptoms resolve over time.
Not all concussions actually involve the striking of the head.
Two Types of Brain Injuries: Closed and Open
1) Closed injuries do not involve fractures, but they can be more severe than open injuries because of the chance of brain swelling. A closed injury can also cause potentially lethal blood clots to form inside the victim’s skull.
2) Open injuries happen when the victims’ skulls have been fractured. An open injury typically happens as a result of a fall or another type of accident where the head directly contacts a hard object or surface.
Both closed and open injuries have the potential to cause loss of consciousness or paralysis, and they may even lead to death.
Swelling Within the Brain
The new research offers essential insights into brain injury, which is still poorly understood n general. In the study, researchers specifically worked with neurons, a type of brain cell. They injured these cells on purpose by using a method called puffing, which involves applying pressure to cells.
Through the research, the scientists saw that the injury selectively affected the axons — the threadlike sections of the neurons. These structures carry electrical signals from the neurons to other cells. The recent research findings may help scientists to develop a better understanding of trauma in the head area and how to treat it.
Diagnosing a Concussion
One of the most challenging parts of dealing with concussions is diagnosing them.
As of now, there are no objective tests available for determining if a patient has a concussion. In addition, patients do not always recognize traumatic brain injury symptoms on their own, and if they do recognize them, they may not be quick to report them. However, the danger of not recognizing, reporting, and treating a concussion is that if a second one occurs before the first one has been treated, the patient’s recovery can take twice as long, and the brain may even have trouble regulating blood flow.
Traumatic Brain Injury Liability
Suffering a brain injury can quickly impact one’s life, as brain injuries may lead to memory problems and other issues that may be long-lasting.
If a traumatic brain injury resulted from the carelessness of another driver on the road — for instance, the driver was texting and driving when he or she caused the accident leading to the brain injury — this negligent driver may be held liable in civil court. The brain injury victim may choose to file a personal injury claim against him or her, seeking damages. A monetary award in a successfully fought case may help with addressing the medical costs and other losses associated with the potentially life-altering accident.
If you're in West Virginia, and you have suffered a concussion, contact a lawyer at Warner Law Offices to discuss your potential case.